HEALTH CONDITIONS

A comprehensive list of today's common ailments and health conditions.

Enlarged Prostate BPH

By Niki Hampton

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a benign increased size of the prostate. Hyperplasia of the prostatic stromal and epithelial cells results in large discrete nodules in the periurethral region. If this formation becomes excessively large, the nodules can push on or block the urethra. This causes difficulty in urination. Because of this obstruction, the bladder is required to work harder to push the urine out.

This can lead to progressive hypertrophy, instability or weakness of the bladder muscle. Though prostate antigen levels can be elevated due to increased organ volume and inflammation, BPH does not cause cancer or increase the risk of cancer.

Symptoms

The symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia are classified as either voiding or storage.

Voiding symptoms include incomplete bladder emptying, weak or intermittent stream, straining to urinate, and difficulty initiating the stream. Pain and dysuria are not usually present.

Storage symptoms include urinary urgency, urgency incontinence, and voiding at night (nocturia). Nocturia can contribute to insomnia, and urinary incontinence may occur.

BPH can be a progressive disease, and if left untreated, can cause urinary tract infections. Urinary bladder stones can also form from the crystallization of salts in the residual urine. Urinary is classified as acute or chronic depending on the level of progression. Acute urinary retention is the inability to void (urinate). Chronic urinary retention is when the residual urinary volume increases and the bladder distends. This can result in bladder hypotonia, and, may eventually, progress to renal failure.

Causes

Most experts believe the androgens play a major role. This indicates that androgens must be present for BPH to occur, but they do not have to be the direct cause of the condition. The fact that castrated boys do not develop BPH when they age supports it. However, administering high amounts of testosterone is not associated with an increased risk of BPH.

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a metabolite of testosterone, is critical in prostatic growth. DHT is synthesized and acts like a super hormone in that it is 10 times more potent than testosterone.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is done through a rectal examination of the prostate. With the enlargement of the middle lobe, an urologist can feel the immediate concern. Blood tests are also done to rule out prostatic malignancy. An ultrasound examination of the testicles, prostate, and kidneys can also be done. This is another method of ruling out malignancy and hydronephrosis.

Treatment

To deal with the symptoms of BPH, lifestyle changes like fewer fluids before bed and moderate amounts of caffeine can help with urgency. Also, it’s important to avoid medications that can make the symptoms worse. These can include opiates, decongestants, antihistamines, diuretics, and tricyclic antidepressants.

There are two main medications used to treat BPH: alpha blockers and 5g-reductase. Alpha blockers are the most common used. Some of the names of alpha blockers used are alfuzosin, tamsulosin, doxazosin, terazosin, and silodsin. These are equally effective in treating the disease, but offer different side effects.

There is also the option of a minimally invasive therapy called super-selective intra-prostatic androgen deprivation (SPAD) therapy. Other minimally invasive options include transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) and transurethral needle ablation (TUNA).

Surgery is an option that most doctors reserve for extreme cases where other treatment methods are not helping the patient.  


 Click on these hashtags to find similar articles.

#bph #urinary #symptoms #bladder #prostatic #prostate #include #urgency #blockers #voiding 
Our Sponsors

YOU MAY ALSO LIKE

Lorem ipsum

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial Fibrillation Atrial fibrillation, also known as “A-fib” is an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating.  It is the most common serious abnormal heart rhyt...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)

Lorem ipsum

Cataracts

Cataracts A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which is behind the pupil and the iris.   There are various types of cataracts: A cortical cataract is diagnosed as a white, wedge-lik...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)

Lorem ipsum

Lupus

Lupus Lupus cases vary greatly, but they are defined by chronic inflammation that occurs when your own immune system attacks your own organs and tissues. The inflammation due to the disease affects many p...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)

Our Sponsors

Our sponsors

More Health Conditions articles

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis   Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes continuous inflammation and ulcers in your digestive tract. The disease affects the innermost l...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)


Crohn's Disease

  Crohn’s Disease   Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. The disease belongs to a group of conditions known as Inflammatory Bowel...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)


strokes

Strokes occur in the brain when blood flow to the brain is blocked. When the brain is unable to get enough oxygen the body is unable to function as it normally would. Depending on the size of the stro...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)

Something About Health

An apple a day

The more weight you lose the harder it is to get off. You may have started your weight loss journey and found it was easy to hit a high calorie burn, but now that you only have five pounds to go- they're nearly impossible to lose. You can use some simple tips and tricks to shedding those last pesky pounds.

You may feel like you need to change up your diet or feel yourself slipping into old habits now that you're closer to your goal.

Learn more
Get in Shape Now

An apple a day

Losing weight can be tough, but when it's time to maintain finding that balance requires a learning curve all over again. Here we offer three easy tips to keep your body healthy. It's important to remember it takes an average of 21-30 days for your brain and body to learn new habits. Stick with it and you feel, look and be healthier.

Learn more
Our Sponsors
Our Sponsors

Health Search

Have Health questions? Need Answers? Use our NEW search feature to find all of the articles on HealthConducive.com that could help you. Simply enter a keyword and click search to give it a try!

Our Sponsors

Latest Photos

Take a closer look: browse our photos for a whole new way of looking at health-related information.

health photo
health photo
health photo
health photo
health photo
health photo

Item Icons  view more health photos

Latest Videos

Watch & learn: our exclusive videos will give you insider access to the latest medical news, information on prescription drugs, tips on healthy living and much more.