HEALTH CONDITIONS

A comprehensive list of today's common ailments and health conditions.

Eye Injuries

By Angela Young

Eye injuries can result from mild events, such as contact with dust, dirt or soap particles. Trauma, accidents or burns can also lead to eye injuries that are more severe. Treating an eye injury will depend upon the type, severity and potential for the injury to cause long-term damage.

Mild Eye Injuries

When small particles, such as dust or pollen, come into contact with the eye, they can cause irritation and pain. The extent of injury possible in these circumstances is low, but possible. At-home remedies, such as using an eyewash, cleaning the eye with a warm cloth and resting should be all that is necessary to provide relief. If pain persists or increases, an infection develops or vision becomes blurred, thorough examination and treatment is recommended.

Blows to the Eye

A blow to the eye can be caused by a number of factors, including fighting, an accident or a sports injury. Eye injures of this type can lead to damage of the skin around the eye, tissues and the eyeball itself. When a blow results in this kind of damage, it's important to determine the extent. Bruising, cuts and scrapes should heal over time, but damage to the eyeball, face or head should be properly examined to determine a prognosis.

Eye Burns

Chemical burns, explosions, fumes, bursts of hot air or steam, reflective sunlight, tanning lamps, electrical appliances and welding equipment are just a few of the things that can lead to mild or even severe eye burns. This type of eye injury will require immediate action to lessen the extent of long-term damage. Acids and alkali can cause severe damage to the eye, but most other substances will not result in permanent problems if they are washed or flushed out immediately after contact. With more severe burns, it may take a day or more before long-term damage can be assessed. Prevention is key in these types of scenarios. When working around potentially dangerous items or substances, such as chemicals or even bright sunlight, always be cautious, use recommended eyewear and have eyewash and other first-aid materials handy.

Foreign Objects

Because of the unique makeup of the eye, contact with a foreign body won't usually lead to long-term symptoms or damage. When foreign bodies, such as eyelashes, dirt, dust or makeup come into contact with the eye, the eye responds immediately with excess tears to help wash out the object. Occasionally the object may cause a corneal scratch, leaving the patient to feel like there is still something lodged in the eye. A mild scratch on the cornea will usually heal within a couple days. If a small or sharp object has come into contact with the eye, especially at high speeds, there is more cause for concern. If this is the case, take note of the following:

  • Punctures - a small or sharp object traveling at a high rate of speed can lead to a puncture wound in the eyeball. Be cautious when using lawn equipment, grinders or other power tools.
  • Symptoms - a puncture wound may cause a number of symptoms. These include bleeding between the iris and cornea, pupil changes in size or shape, or structural damages inside the eyeball.
  • Vision changes or infection - if your vision begins to blur, you become extremely sensitive to light or you begin to notice signs of infection, these are all reasons to have your eye properly examined. These symptoms may indicate other problems that could lead to long-term or permanent damage.

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#eye #damage #lead #contact #long-term #injury #burns #eyeball #mild 
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