A comprehensive list of today's common ailments and health conditions.

Skin Disorders

By Angela Young

The skin is the largest organ of the body although most people don't think of skin as an organ. The purpose of the skin is to protect the body and the internal organs from damage and infection. Protecting the skin is one of the most important and most overlooked aspects of a person's health.

Skin renews itself at least once a month by shedding dead skin cells. Skin also changes over a person's lifetime. The epidermis, which is the top layer of skin, is responsible for skin's overall appearance. The epidermis holds the majority of the water found in the skin. The other layers of the skin are the dermis, which is the middle layer and the hypodermis.

A main factor of skin composition is water. Younger bodies have water in the skin. As skin ages it loses the ability to maintain as much water as the younger skin. This means that as people age their skin dries out and wrinkles become more prominent.

Problem of the skin are more than just drying out. There are chronic skin issues such as acne and psoriasis and there are skin issues that a person can avoid such as sunburn and other environmental factors. There are also issues such as skin cancer and birthmarks.

Skin Disorders Symptoms

Most skin problem symptoms are easy to notice because they are usually visible on the top layer of the skin. Problems include rashes, burns, scars, skin cancer and various forms of infections. Symptoms of skin problems are dependant on the type of skin problem in question.

Symptoms of skin rashes usually include hives, redness, itching skin and sometimes lesions develop. Some skin rashes such as eczema are chronic conditions, but most others are very treatable.

Symptoms of skin cancer include moles that change shape or color, sores that will not heal, flat scaly areas of the skin that are red or brown and new or unusual growths. Skin cancer symptoms can be easy to ignore and may be difficult to detect depending on where the cancer develops.

Skin Disorders Causes

Causes of most skin problems are environmental. Most rashes develop because of contact with an irritant. Skin cancer typically develops because of over exposure to UV rays from the sun. Acne, however tends to run in families suggesting a genetic predisposition to develop acne, although the true cause of acne is not completely understood.

Diet, genetics, exposure to environmental aggressors, hygiene and exposure to viruses can cause various skin problems.

Skin Disorders Diagnosis

There are several ways a doctor may diagnose skin problems. Doctors are usually able to diagnose most skin problems through simple observation. However, if a person has a skin issue that the doctor cannot diagnose there are a few tests that doctors may run.

There is the patch test. In a patch test, doctors place allergens on the skin with adhesive patches and then observe any reactions on the skin after a period of time.

Doctors may also do skin biopsies or skin cultures. Biopsies of the skin require doctors to remove some of the skin and then the laboratory examines the skin for cancer cells. Patients receive a local anesthetic for this procedure and depending on the size of the biopsy stitches may be necessary. Skin cultures are the common test when a doctor is trying to diagnose skin infections and other skin problems where bacteria are the suspected cause.

Skin Disorders Treatment

Treatment of skin problems depends on the type of skin problems a person has. Most rashes require moisturizers and anti-itch medications. There are also a host of medications available to treat various skin problems. Skin cancer treatment usually requires removal of the cancer through surgery and if the cancer has spread, treatment can include chemotherapy and radiation. It is best to speak with a dermatologist to receive a proper diagnosis and to receive proper treatment for skin problems.

 Click on these hashtags to find similar articles.

#skin #problems #cancer #symptoms #person #doctors #treatment #rashes #water 
Our Sponsors


Our Sponsors

Our sponsors

More Health Conditions articles

Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS

IBS Irritable bowel syndrome is a common disorder among many Americans that directly affects the large intestine, or the colon. It typically causes cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, g...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis   Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes continuous inflammation and ulcers in your digestive tract. The disease affects the innermost l...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)

Crohn's Disease

  Crohn’s Disease   Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. The disease belongs to a group of conditions known as Inflammatory Bowel...

Item Icons  read full story (Health conditions)

Something About Health

An apple a day

The more weight you lose the harder it is to get off. You may have started your weight loss journey and found it was easy to hit a high calorie burn, but now that you only have five pounds to go- they're nearly impossible to lose. You can use some simple tips and tricks to shedding those last pesky pounds.

You may feel like you need to change up your diet or feel yourself slipping into old habits now that you're closer to your goal.

Learn more
Get in Shape Now

An apple a day

Losing weight can be tough, but when it's time to maintain finding that balance requires a learning curve all over again. Here we offer three easy tips to keep your body healthy. It's important to remember it takes an average of 21-30 days for your brain and body to learn new habits. Stick with it and you feel, look and be healthier.

Learn more
Our Sponsors
Our Sponsors

Health Search

Have Health questions? Need Answers? Use our NEW search feature to find all of the articles on that could help you. Simply enter a keyword and click search to give it a try!

Popular Topics

Get your daily dose on the hottest topics.

Our Sponsors

Latest Photos

Take a closer look: browse our photos for a whole new way of looking at health-related information.

health photo
health photo
health photo
health photo
health photo
health photo

Item Icons  view more health photos

Latest Videos

Watch & learn: our exclusive videos will give you insider access to the latest medical news, information on prescription drugs, tips on healthy living and much more.